The Surface Transportation Board (STB) is an economic regulatory agency that Congress charged with the fundamental missions of resolving railroad rate and service disputes and reviewing proposed railroad mergers. The STB serves as both an adjudicatory and a regulatory body. The agency has jurisdiction over railroad rate and service issues and rail restructuring transactions (mergers, line sales, line construction, and line abandonments); certain trucking company, moving van, and non-contiguous ocean shipping company rate matters; certain intercity passenger bus company structure, financial, and operational matters; and rates and services of certain pipelines not regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
One set of activities that supports this mission is to hear and decide application and petition cases referred to as dockets. The Case Management System (CASE) helps STB manage the flow of dockets brought before STB. To do this, CASE records and tracks:
- A filed application or petition, including information on who filed the application or petition, when it was filed, and to whom the case is assigned.
- Statutory and internal deadlines for processing.
- Pertinent filings in each docket.
- All other decisions and notices of the STB in each docket.
In addition, CASE allows STB to meet requirements to display through a public Web site information on applicants, petitioners, and other parties to a docket, as well as the filings, decisions, and notices in the docket and correspondence related to environmental issues.